According to the data collected so far regarding the coronavirus, it seems that children can also get sick with COVID-19. However, as documented in a study conducted in China, it would appear that children exhibit milder symptoms than adults and that there are no significant gender differences, i.e. between males and females.
In any case, there have been cases of children developing more severe symptoms, so it is good that people in this age group should also take measures to prevent covid-19 infection,such as washing hands with soap and water or hand sanitizing and avoid close contact with infected people.
On the Ministry of Health’s website, you can read what parents can do to protect children from infection,a vademecum extracted from the CDC’s website,the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where you can delve into other aspects of children and the coronavirus (the site is in English).
Do children have to wear masks?
Also among the answers to frequently asked questions on the CDC’s website, it specifies whether children should wear masks.
The CDC recommends that all children over 2 years of age wear a cloth garment that covers their nose and mouth when they are in contact with other people. These covers should NOT be worn by infants up to 2 years of age, due to the risk of suffocation.
It is remembered that, wearing a mask that covers the nose and mouth,is a measure to prevent the spread of coronavirus that must be adopted along with other preventive measures,such as interpersonal safety distance, proper and frequent hand hygiene and other daily actions.
The fabric masks that cover the nose and mouth, are not intended to protect the wearer, but to limit the spread of the virus from the wearer to other people. In fact, this preventive measure is very useful if a person is infected, but has no symptoms.
The FFP2, FFP3 and N95 masks would be reserved for healthcare personnel.
What masks should children wear?
Let’s summarize what has been said so far:
- children under 2 years: they must NOT wear masks,there is a risk of suffocation;
- children over 2 years: they must wear cloth masks and must also take other preventive measures (interpersonal distance of safety, wash their hands etc).
Instead, here are the masks that children over 2 years of age must wear:
- surgical masks: NO
- FFP2, FFP3, N95 masks: NO
- Cloth masks: YES
Below you can see some models of masks that must wear children over 2 years of age.